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Company Overview of Apple & Intel History, Products, Headquarters, & Facts | Britannica

Company Overview of – Apple, Intel

The last two decades have changed the way the world does business. Technological developments of the last twenty-five years have propelled us into a new era. Let us learn more about the two companies at the heart of this transformation – Apple and Intel.

Apple Inc is one of the leading companies in the world and deals majorly in manufacturing and selling of consumer electronics, computer software, and other online services. … The founders of the company are the world-renowned Steve Jobs with Steve Wozniak and Ronald Wayne.

Apple Inc is one of the leading companies in the world and deals majorly in manufacturing and selling of consumer electronics, computer software, and other online services. It is a global company that originated in California USA. The founders of the company are the world-renowned Steve Jobs with Steve Wozniak and Ronald Wayne.

Apple started with manufacturing and selling personal computers but has now expanded into many sectors. Today (October 2018) Apple is the second largest phone manufacturer in the world after Samsung. In fact, Apple Inc is the largest IT Company in the world (by revenue). It operates nearly 500 retail stores worldwide and employs nearly 120,000 people.

Apple is a prominent hardware and software company best known for its series of personal computers, the iPod and its innovative marketing strategies for its products.

Introduced in 1984, the Macintosh was the first widely sold personal computer with a graphical user interface (GUI). That feature and others — such as an improved floppy drive design and a low-cost hard drive that made data retrieval faster and more reliable — helped Apple cultivate a reputation for innovation, which the company still enjoys today. The Apple headquarters are located in Cupertino, CA, at 1-5 Infinite Loop. Apple borrowed the name for the circular road around their office buildings from programming, where an infinite loop is the term for a code sequence lacking a functional exit.

Apple was founded by Steven Jobs and Stephen Wozniak. Jobs and Wozniak had been friends in high school and in 1975 were members of The Homebrew Computer Club, a now-legendary group where electronics enthusiasts met to discuss the Altair 8800 (the only personal computer available at the time) and other technical topics. Wozniak designed his own microcomputer and offered his plans to Hewlett-Packard, where he was working as an engineering intern. After HP turned him down, Wozniak joined forces with Jobs to manufacture personal computers in Job’s garage. That endeavor started out as a shoestring operation, but quickly became successful. The pair introduced a relatively modern-looking computer in a plastic case in 1977 and incorporated as Apple Computer that same year. By 1980 the company had grown to include over 1000 employees.

Steve Jobs returned to Apple in 1997 after a succession of CEOs and Macintosh models failed to gain much success in the marketplace in his absence. His introduction of the colorful iMac (which sold over 6 million units) brought the company back to profitability. In 2001, Apple released the first generation of iPods and included media jukebox software called iTunes. Apple introduced an online media store as part of iTunes, initially selling only music for .99 cents per song. Eventually, the iTunes Store grew to include videos, television shows and music videos. 

Apple Computer became Apple Inc. in 2007.

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Apple Inc.
FoundedCaliforniaUnited States (April 1, 1976, as Apple Computer Inc.)
Headquarters1 Infinite Loop, Cupertino, California, United States
Key peopleSteve Jobs (Co-founder}
Steve Wozniak (Co-founder)
IndustryComputer hardware
Computer software
Consumer electronics
Apple Watch
Apple TV
ServicesApple Store
online Apple Store
iTunes Store
iOS App Store
Mac App Store
iBooks Store
Apple Music

Apple Inc., (NASDAQ: AAPL) formerly Apple Computer Inc., is an American multinational corporation that designs and manufactures consumer electronics and software products. The company’s best-known hardware products include Macintosh computers, the iPod and the iPhone. Apple software includes the Mac OS X operating system, the iTunes media browser, the iLife suite of multimedia and creativity software, the iWork suite of productivity software, and Final Cut Studio, a suite of professional audio and film-industry software products. The company operates several hundred retail stores in a number of countries as well as the online online store and iTunes Store.


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Established in Cupertino, California on April 1, 1976, co-founded by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak, the company was called “Apple Computer, Inc.” for its first 30 years, but dropped the word “Computer” on January 9, 2007 to reflect the company’s ongoing expansion into the consumer electronics market. Through its philosophy of comprehensive aesthetic design and its distinctive advertising campaigns, Apple Inc. has established a unique reputation in the consumer electronics industry. Apple has attracted a customer base that is devoted to the company and its brand, particularly in the United States.


1976–1980: The early years

The Apple I, Apple’s first product. Sold as an assembled circuit board, it lacked basic features such as a keyboard, monitor, and case. The owner of this unit added a keyboard and a wooden case.

Apple Computer Inc. was established on April 1, 1976 by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne, to sell the Apple I personal computer kits hand-built by Wozniak He had first shown them to the public at the Homebrew Computer Club. The Apple I was sold as a motherboard (with CPURAM, and basic textual-video chips. The Apple I went on sale in July 1976 for US$666.66.

Apple was incorporated January 3, 1977 without Wayne, who sold his share of the company back to Jobs and Wozniak for $800. Mike Markkula provided essential business expertise and funding of $250,000 during the incorporation of Apple.

The Apple II was introduced on April 16, 1977 at the first West Coast Computer Faire. It differed from its major rivals, the TRS-80 and Commodore PET, because it came with color graphics and an open architecture. Early models used ordinary cassette tapes as storage devices, but were soon superseded by the introduction of a 5 1/4 inch floppy disk drive and interface, the Disk II.

The Apple II was chosen to be the desktop platform for the ground-breaking VisiCalc spreadsheet program.VisiCalc created a business market for the Apple II, and gave home users an additional reason to buy an Apple II because it could now be used for office work. Until then, Apple had taken a distant third place to sales of Commodore and Tandy


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